Religious Involvement and Subjective Well-Being

1-)Religious Involvement and Subjective Well-Being

Christopher, G. Ellison. Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Mar., 1991): 80-99

Well-being: The state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.
Religion: The belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.

The research illustrates the relation between well-being and the level of the religiosity. It includes one survey in order to prove that the level of happiness is directly related to the level of the religiosity. The data retrieved from the research was obtained by doing survey that denominational preference is measured by a set of dummy variables identifying conservative Protestant respondents (28% of the sample), moderate Protestants (16%), liberal Protestants (8%), Catholics (26%), members of non-Christian traditions (6%), Mormons and Jehovah's Witnesses (3%), and nondenominational Protestants (4%). Approximately 9 percent of the respondents reported no religious preference. Moreover, there are also two tables showing the information according to categories divided into religion, sect, religious attendance, age, gender, race, life condition, the level of education, social status, relationship and location. As a result, the research shows that the level of religiosity matters to the happiness that most of 450 people reported that their happiness is related to their religious attendance.

2-)HAPPINESS, MATERIALISM, AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE IN THE US AND SINGAPORE

William, R. Swinyard; Ah-Keng, Kau; Hui-Yin Phua. Journal of Happiness Studies (2001): 13-32.

Satisfaction: Fulfillment of one’s wishes, expectations, or needs, or the pleasure derived from this.
Intrinsic: Belonging naturally; essential
Extrinsic: Not part of the essential nature of someone or something; coming or operating from outside.
Materialism: A tendency to consider material possessions and physical comfort as more important than spiritual values.

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